Review of: Austin Mini

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Rating:
5
On 12.10.2020
Last modified:12.10.2020

Summary:

I, Frankenstein, einer jungen Bruno, seinem Handy bzw.

Austin Mini

Austin Mini, equipped with a Honda KA A-2 VTEC engine, and converted to AWD. Gorgeous, cute and lethal at the same time. Lorenz Von Harlessem. Austin Mini Countryman, Mini Mini Cooper Testwagen. Baujahr, 01/ bis 12/, 01/ bis 01/ Antrieb. Zylinderzahl / Motorbauart, 4-Zylinder. Aktuelle Infos zu Austin Mini: alle Generationen | aktuelle Tests & Fahrberichte | Neue Modelle & Erlkönige | technische Daten ▻ Hier informieren!

Austin Mini Navigationsmenü

Ursprünglich wurde der Wagen parallel als Austin Seven (auch Austin Se7en) und Morris Mini Minor vermarktet (in Anspielung auf frühere Modelle des Herstellers. eBay Kleinanzeigen: Mini Austin, Gebrauchtwagen kaufen oder verkaufen - Jetzt finden oder inserieren! eBay Kleinanzeigen - Kostenlos. Einfach. Lokal. Oldtimerfreunden und Fans des Ur-Minis machte es das Marketing der British Motor Corporation (BMC) und ihrer Nachfolger British Leyland und Rover nicht. Austin Mini kaufen bei Classic Trader. 23 Angebote zu Austin Mini und viele weitere Oldtimer und Youngtimer. enfant-jesus.eu Aktuelle Infos zu Austin Mini: alle Generationen | aktuelle Tests & Fahrberichte | Neue Modelle & Erlkönige | technische Daten ▻ Hier informieren! Austin Mini Countryman, Mini Mini Cooper Testwagen. Baujahr, 01/ bis 12/, 01/ bis 01/ Antrieb. Zylinderzahl / Motorbauart, 4-Zylinder. Austin Mini. — Der kleine Vordenker. Er wollte einfach nur ein Gebrauchs-Gegenstand sein. Ein kompakter Kasten mit einem Rad in jeder Ecke​.

Austin Mini

Austin Mini, equipped with a Honda KA A-2 VTEC engine, and converted to AWD. Gorgeous, cute and lethal at the same time. Lorenz Von Harlessem. Der Austin Mini war der meisterhafte Wurf von Alec Issigonis. Von 19wurde der unverwüstliche Winzling, der auf nur 3,05 Metern Länge vier. eBay Kleinanzeigen: Mini Austin, Gebrauchtwagen kaufen oder verkaufen - Jetzt finden oder inserieren! eBay Kleinanzeigen - Kostenlos. Einfach. Lokal. Austin Mini, equipped with a Honda KA A-2 VTEC engine, and converted to AWD. Gorgeous, cute and lethal at the same time. Lorenz Von Harlessem. Der Austin Mini war der meisterhafte Wurf von Alec Issigonis. Von 19wurde der unverwüstliche Winzling, der auf nur 3,05 Metern Länge vier.

Austin Mini Neuer Anstrich – gewohnte Funktionen

Club www. Der Mini war, ist und bleibt ein Phänomen. Der Mini Moke Delphinsommer Ganzer Film ursprünglich als Armeefahrzeug konzipiert Austin Mini, wurde jedoch mangels Bodenfreiheit, Zuladung und Leistung dann doch nicht fürs Militär gebaut. Ein reger Wettstreit zwischen Alec Issigonis und John Cooper entbrannte, um herauszufinden, welches Team zuerst die Idee des Bimotor-Minis umsetzen konnte, nachdem der erste Doppelmotor-Moke entstanden war Netflix Top 10 der britischen Armee Motogp Eurosport Allradgeländewagen angepriesen wurde. Mini HL - viele englische Kitcars basierten auf dem Mini. Schon allein, weil vor dem Motor kein Platz für Horror Filme Kühler vorhanden war. Sie befinden sich in der Webansicht. Für viele Oldtimer-Enthusiasten stand angesichts der reichlich komplizierten Modellgeschichte fest: Wer einen originalen Austin Austin Mini suchte, der sollte sich auf dem Gebrauchtmarkt nach Fahrzeugen der Jahrgänge von bis umsehen. Zur Mobilansicht. Jahresmagazin Ab Molly Hartley 2. Bisherige SwissClassics Ausgaben. Weitere Premium-Vorteile sind hier zusammengefasst. Beim Mini wurde dieses, noch auf den Ursprung Kiele Sanchez Motors als Längsbauweise hinweisendes Detail allerdings bis zum Ende der Meine Erste Liebe Dem Glück So Nah Stream beibehalten. Aufgrund des Katalysators dürfen alle Einspritzer SPI und MPI nur mit bleifreiem Benzin betrieben werden, bei den übrigen Varianten ist der Gebrauch von bleifreiem oder wo erhältlich verbleitem Kraftstoff fakultativ möglich. Ein überarbeitetes Getriebe [Rodchange] mit Schaltstangen ersetzt das Schalthalsgetriebe.

Austin Mini Menu de navigation Video

Best start of a Mini race ever?

Therefore, Mark II cars also came with increased braking power in the form of front drum brakes with twin leading shoes to cope with the increased power output.

Both Mark I and Mark II featured four-speed gearboxes three synchromesh gears with rod gear change, a.

Automatic gearboxes became available on the Mark II in as an option. The Mark III facelift of brought wind-up windows and fresh-air fascia vents.

Concealed door hinges were introduced two years before these were seen on the mainstream Mini. The gear selecting mechanism was updated to the rod type, as seen on all later Mini type cars.

Automatic gearboxes were available to the Mark III in again. Full-four synchromesh gearing was eventually introduced during Code example: R-A2S Riley, A type engine, 2 door saloon, 1st series, serial number "" [54].

These models were two-door estate cars with double "barn"-style rear doors. Both were built on a slightly longer chassis of 84 inches 2.

The early Morris Mini Traveller and Austin Mini Countryman cars had an internal fuel tank located on the left hand side of the rear load area.

This is identifiable by the fuel filler cap being on the left hand side of the car just below the rear window. In October the fuel tank was relocated to the underneath of the car and the filler cap was moved to low down on the right hand side of the car — the same configuration that was already in use on the Mini Van.

From the start of production both models had a decorative, non-structural, ash wood trim on the rear body, in the style of a pre-war shooting-brake.

This gave the car a similar appearance to the larger Morris Minor Traveller and gave rise to these cars simply being called a woodie.

It is a popular misconception that the difference between the Traveller and the Countryman is the wood trim. An all steel version of both the Traveller and the Countryman without the wood trim was launched for export markets in April and for the home market in October , but the woodie version remained more popular.

The Mini Traveller and Countryman Register was created in to help locate and preserve the remaining Mini Traveller and Countryman cars.

Built on the longer Traveller chassis but without side windows, it proved popular in s Britain as a cheaper alternative to the car: it was classed as a commercial vehicle and as such carried no sales tax.

A set of simple stamped steel slots served in place of a more costly chrome grille. The Mini Van was renamed as the Mini 95 in , the number representing the gross vehicle weight of 0.

A utility vehicle intended for the British Army was built with a twin-engined 4-wheel-drive. Although the 4WD Moke could climb a gradient, it lacked enough ground clearance for military use.

About 50, were made in total, [36] from to in the UK, to in Australia and to in Portugal. As with the Van, the Pick-up had stamped metal slots for airflow into the engine compartment.

The Pickup was basic, although the factory brochure described a "fully equipped Mini Pick-up is also available which includes a recirculatory heater.

A total of 58, Mini Pick-up models were built. The Mini K was offered in 2-door saloon [59] and 2-door van body styles. I-style externally hinged doors.

A small round sticker with a kangaroo logo was placed on the triangular panel between the door and the front body seam.

The "Kangaroo" name was supposedly coined because it is claimed that a kangaroo can go all day without drinking which the advertisers used to emphasise the frugal fuel consumption and, possibly, larger fuel tank.

Issigonis' friend John Cooper , owner of the Cooper Car Company and designer and builder of Formula One cars, saw the potential of the Mini for competition.

Issigonis was initially reluctant to see the Mini in the role of a performance car, but after John Cooper appealed to BMC management, the two men collaborated to create the Mini Cooper.

One thousand units of this version were commissioned by management, intended for and designed to meet the homologation rules of Group 2 rally racing.

A more powerful Mini Cooper, dubbed the "S", was developed in tandem and released in The smaller-engine model was not well received, and only had been built when the model was discontinued in The Cooper name was discontinued from the UK Mini range at this time.

It proved popular and a new Cooper-marked Mini went into full production in late In , under the ownership of British Leyland, the Mini was given a facelift by stylist Roy Haynes , who had previously worked for Ford.

The Mini Clubman was intended to replace the upmarket Riley and Wolseley versions. The Clubman Estate replaced the Countryman and Traveller.

The original "round-front" design remained in production alongside the Clubman and GT. Production of the Clubman and GT got off to a slow start because the cars incorporated "lots of production changes" including the relocation of tooling from the manufacturer's Cowley plant to the Longbridge plant : very few cars were handed over to customers before the early months of Early domestic market Clubmans were still delivered on cross-ply tyres despite the fact that by radials had become the norm for the car's mainstream competitors.

The official name was always just the "Mini GT", and it was a separate, distinct model from the Clubman although it shared the same frontal treatment as the Mini Clubman, and was launched at the same time.

Innocenti in Italy, however, continued making their own version of the Mini Cooper for some time. It was the first Mini to be equipped with a tachometer.

It also featured a standard-fit close-ratio gearbox, and initially had inch Throughout the s, British Leyland continued to produce the classic "round-front" design, alongside the newer Clubman and GT models.

The long-nose Clubman and GT offered better crash safety, were better equipped, and had better under-bonnet access, but they were more expensive and aerodynamically inferior to the original design.

The Mini Clubman and GT were replaced in by the new hatchback Austin Metro, while production of the original "round-front" Mini design continued for another 20 years.

For the Australian market, all Minis including the Van gained the Clubman front in although the car was still basically a Mk I behind the A-Pillar.

Australian Clubman saloons were marketed under the Morris Mini Clubman name when introduced in August , [69] and as the Leyland Mini , without the Clubman name, from February To end Mini production in Australia, a limited-edition runout model was produced — the LS.

Production of this model commenced in July and concluded in October with an approximate total of vehicles produced. Throughout the s and s the British market received numerous "special editions" of the Mini, which shifted the car from a mass-market item into a fashionable icon.

It was even more popular in Japan, which took the lion's share of the circa 40, Minis produced annually in the early s. In , under Bernd Pischetsrieder , a first cousin once removed of Issigonis, BMW took control of the Rover Group, which included the Mini, fitting an airbag to comply with European legislation.

By March , Rover was still suffering massive losses, and BMW decided to dispose of most of the companies. The sell-off was completed in May that year.

BMW retained the Mini name and the planned new model, granting Rover temporary rights to the brand and allowing it to manufacture and sell the run-out model of the old Mini.

Mini Hatch , the new model made by BMW, is technically unrelated to the old car but retains the classic transverse four-cylinder, front-wheel-drive configuration and "bulldog" stance of the original.

The last Mini to leave the Longbridge plant did so in , when a s GT which was used by staff to travel around the car plant was recovered from the disused tunnels under the plant.

The car was damaged by a storage container falling on it and had been left without an engine or gearbox for around 30 years before being recovered during work to infill the tunnels.

From the Mark IV onward, many special limited-production editions of the Mini were offered. These included models that were created to commemorate racing victories or to celebrate an anniversary of the Mini marque.

Limited editions generally came equipped with a unique combination of interior and exterior trim and special decals. There was also a version inspired by The Italian Job , a film famous for having a trio of Minis in its epic closing car chase.

From to , Issigonis had been designing a replacement for the Mini in the form of an experimental model called the 9X. A number of prototypes produced for vehicles based on the Mini but which never saw production are held and sometimes displayed at the British Heritage Motor Centre museum at Gaydon , Warwickshire.

These included the Twini, a re-engineered four-wheel-drive Moke with two engines—one at the front and another at the back; the Austin Ant , a second attempt to produce a four-wheel-drive vehicle, this time using a transfer case ; and a two-seater convertible MG edition of the Mini, cancelled due to it being perceived as competition for the MG Midget.

In , a project considering possible improvements to the Mini was started. Codenamed Minki "Mini" plus K-Series engine , it included a redesigned dashboard, a two-piece rear door or tailgate instead of a boot, fold down rear seats, Hydragas suspension and a 3-cylinder version of the K-Series engine with a 5-speed gearbox.

In the idea to update the Mini again surfaced but this time with BMW management. As part of the process of deciding how to replace the Mini, a vehicle representing what the current Mini could have become, if it had been developed further over its production history, was commissioned.

The car had to be widened by 50mm and lengthened by 50mm to accommodate the new engine and gearbox, with Hydragas suspension and dashboard from a Rover The Minki-II was used for Hydragas development work, this suspension being considered at the time for the R59 project, later to become the Mini Hatch.

The cheapness and availability of used Minis make it a candidate for body replacement. There are over Mini-based kit cars from various small companies and individual enthusiasts.

BMC operated a Competition Department at Abingdon , Oxfordshire, under the control of Stuart Turner, which built specially prepared Minis mostly based on Cooper and Cooper S versions to compete in international rallies and other motorsport.

This department played a key role in ensuring the Mini's huge success in motorsport throughout the s, in particular, winning the Monte Carlo Rally in , and , the Lakes Rally in , and , and dominating all of the first 9 positions in the Gallaher at Bathurst.

The car also won the , , , and British Saloon Car Championship season , as well as the British Rally Championship in , and , the European Rally Championship in and , and won the Finnish Rally Championship in and The Cooper S also had some success in the European Touring Car Championship , winning in and , the Guia Race of Macau a finish in , a 1—2 finish in and a win in , and the Australian Touring Car Championship , winning its class in , , , , and A further title was the Sun-7 Chesterfield Series.

The Mini also achieved class wins at the Armstrong , repeating this feat every year until , and having class wins at the , and Sandown , and Six Hour Le Mans in , , , , , , , and , as well as the Phillip Island K.

Mini Leyland came 4th place in the underlitre category in the , and Trans-Am seasons , improving to 3rd in The disqualification related to the use of a variable resistance headlamp dimming circuit in place of a dual-filament lamp.

The car competed as late as the Australian Rallycross Championship. The Se7ens is the UK's longest running one make motor racing championship, having been introduced in In a Mini broke the land speed record.

The Mini has won many awards over the years, including second place in 's "Global" Car of the Century award, behind only the Model T Ford. Grassroots Motorsports awarded Mini with the Editors' Choice award in At its peak, the Mini was a strong seller in most of the countries where it was sold, with the United Kingdom inevitably receiving the highest volumes.

The 1,,th Mini came off the production line in , [89] with the 2,,th in It dominated the mini-car market until the arrival of the Hillman Imp in It outsold the Imp.

Competition arrived with the more modern and practical Vauxhall Chevette of , but the Mini continued to sell well until its "replacement"—the Metro —arrived in By this time, the Mini's design had been overtaken by numerous more modern and practical vehicles.

Although the Metro did not replace the Mini, production figures for the Mini dipped during the s, and interest in the design was not revived until the reintroduction of the Mini Cooper in This helped sales of the Mini through the s, to the end of production on 4 October A total of 1,, Minis were sold in Britain after its launch in The last new one to be registered was sold in , some four years after the end of production.

Sales were discontinued when stricter federal safety standards were imposed in [94] [95] [96] [97] [98] and the arrival of the larger and more profitable Austin America.

Mini sales fell in the calendar year and the US importer was expecting the forthcoming Austin America to find a larger market.

The America was also withdrawn in due to slow sales and the introduction of bumper-height standards. Mini sales continued in Canada until Leyland Minis also were subject to stricter government regulation with high bumpers, large turn indicators, warning buzzers and lights for seat belts and also a fitting of air pollution pumps which required a specially designed radiator.

Today the U. Government exempts cars older than 25 years from all import laws , so older Minis can be freely imported.

The Canadian government applies a similar rule after 15 years. Issigonis designed the Mini with an emphasis on active safety.

Asked about the crashworthiness of the Mini, he said: "I make my cars with such good brakes, such good steering, that if people get into a crash it's their own fault" [99] and "I don't design my cars to have accidents".

In July BMC announced that following "comments by safety experts" about the Mini's external doorhandles, these would be modified on new cars so that the gap between the handle and the door panel would be effectively closed.

Nicholas Faith states in his book that Murray Mackay , one of the UK's leading motor vehicle crash and safety researchers, was critical of the pre Mini's passive safety features, including the protruding filler cap, the door latch, and the vulnerability of the passenger space to engine intrusion.

The Mini was withdrawn from the American market because it could not meet the U. The Mini was modified during its production to improve its safety.

It featured a longer crumple zone , a "pedestrian friendly" front-end, run-flat tyres, strengthened door sills, extra internal padding and recessed door handles, the latter having been used earlier on Australian-built Minis owing to local laws.

In January Which? Several key events marked the 50th anniversary of the Mini in Between 7 and 10 August approximately minis from around the world congregated at Longbridge Birmingham to celebrate the 50th anniversary.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the — Mini. For other uses, see Mini disambiguation. For the Feedtime album, see Cooper-S.

See also: Mini Mark I. Main article: Mini Moke. Main article: List of Mini limited editions. See also: Mini concept cars.

Main article: List of Mini-based cars. Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 1 June Archived from the original on 15 April London: Daily Express Newspaper: Complete Classic Mini — Orpington: Motor Racing.

Essential Mini Cooper. Bideford, Devon: Bay View Books. Cars: An encyclopaedia of the world's most fabulous automobiles. Hermes House.

It defined a new genre. Other cars used front-wheel drive and transverse engines before, but none in such a small space; this was possible as the engine is mounted on top of the gearbox.

Retrieved 20 July On This Day. Archived from the original on 3 October The World's Great Cars. London: Marshall Cavendish. Archived from the original on 17 August Retrieved 11 October Breedon Books Publishing.

Issigonis and the Mini. Icon Books. Archived from the original on 7 February Archived from the original on 5 August The Autocar : The Times Wednesday, 26 August ; pg.

Archived from the original on 20 September Retrieved 5 December Mini 50 Years. Initial sales were worryingly slow. Then to the rescue came the rich and fashionable Mini Cooper and S St.

Paul, MN: Motorbooks International, , p. AR Online. Retrieved 22 August Brooklands Books. Adams, Keith ed. Around the World: Chile.

Retrieved 25 August Archived from the original on 15 June BBC News. Calgary Herald. CanWest Interactive: F4. Retrieved on 21 June Retrieved on 20 June Archived from the original on 9 October Bring Out The Mini-Cooper.

The Times , Wednesday, 20 September ; pg. Bay View. Archived from the original on 30 December BBC News Online. Retrieved 28 July Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 2 February Ralli SM.

The Works Minis. Henley on Thames: Foulis. Retrieved 3 March Classic Motorsports : 8. Archived from the original on 20 April Archived from the original on 3 April Touring and Tenting.

Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved Archived from the original on 29 February Archived from the original on 27 April Crash: The limits of car safety.

Archived from the original PDF on 26 March Autocar : Retrieved 24 February Archived from the original on 8 October British Motor Heritage Limited.

Retrieved 8 April Archived from the original on 19 January The New York Times. Archived from the original on 8 February UK Department for Transport.

Archived from the original on 16 November Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 15 July Guinness World Records.

Retrieved 14 June See also Concept cars A-series engine List of Mini-based cars. British car industry — companies and marques. British Motor Corporation cars, — Limousine IV 3-litre.

British Motor Holdings and British Leyland cars, — Majestic Major DR 2. Mini Moke Marina P Categories : s cars s cars s cars s cars s cars BMC vehicles British Leyland vehicles Austin vehicles Front-wheel-drive vehicles Issigonis vehicles Mini vehicles Rally cars Touring cars Cars introduced in Cars powered by transverse 4-cylinder engines City cars.

Hidden categories: CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: archived copy as title CS1 errors: generic title CS1 errors: missing periodical Articles with short description Articles with long short description Short description matches Wikidata Use British English from June All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with unsourced statements from May Articles with unsourced statements from December Commons category link is on Wikidata Articles with Curlie links Use dmy dates from October Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons.

Morris Mini-Minor. City car A. FF layout. Mini City E. Longbridge plant , Birmingham, England. Longbridge plant , Birmingham, England Venezuela.

Cork 20 Rally. Sheila O'Clery. Circuit of Ireland Rally. Paddy Hopkirk. Tulip Rally. Pat Moss. Rally Sweden.

Bengt Söderström. Rallye de Baden-Baden. Issigonis' friend John Cooper , owner of the Cooper Car Company and Formula One Manufacturers Champion in and , saw the potential of the little car, and after some experimentation and testing, the two men collaborated to create a nimble, economical, and inexpensive car.

By the time production of the Cooper model ended in , 12, of these popular cars had been sold to the public. A more powerful Mini Cooper, dubbed the "S", was developed in tandem and released in The smaller engine model was not well received and only were built with cc engines until the model was discontinued in April The Cooper S version was also used by some British police departments and the Australian Traffic police as a plainclothes car.

The suspension in all UK models was replaced by a Hydrolastic system in The new suspension created a softer ride, but it also increased weight and production cost; in the original rubber suspension reappeared except on GT, Clubman and Cooper S models.

Many other production changes occurred over the life of the Mark I Mini. The new model featured redesigned doors with conventional interior handles and wind up windows with quarter vents , hydrolastic suspension, key operated starter, a remote gearshift mechanism like the Cooper and the engine was upgraded to the cc version.

Production of the round-nosed mini in Australia halted in with the release of the new Mini Clubman. The Australian Mini Clubman utilised the same locally designed wind up windows and exterior door hinges as the Morris Mini Deluxe.

The Australian Mini had wind up windows many years before their British counterparts. Certain components fitted to Mark I cars were stamped with the date on which they were made.

These dates can be useful for working out the age of a specific car, or for judging how original it is.

The following components are known to be date stamped in this manner:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Mark I Mini.

First version of British Motor Corporation's Mini. For the Mini, see Mini Hatch. The Motor. Mini Cooper and S St. Paul, MN: Motorbooks International, , p.

Retrieved 12 July See also Concept cars A-series engine List of Mini-based cars. British Motor Corporation cars, — Limousine IV 3-litre.

Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Use dmy dates from September Use British English from September All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. British Motor Corporation.

City car A. Synchromesh on all forward speeds after [2] 4-speed automatic 5-speed manual some models only. Two-door saloon. Mk II. Cooper S.

Austin Mini Navigation menu Video

UltraRacing - Classic Car Mini Austin Custom-made Front Anti Roll Bar Tony Fall. This not Interstellar Oscar modernised the Mini but, because many of its major subassemblies were now Leïla Bekhti with the Comorrha, made it very cost-effective to produce despite falling sales volumes. The Mini Clubman was intended to replace the Verzweifelt Riley and Wolseley versions. Waschzwang Maxi. Land Rover Freelander. The new suspension gave a softer ride, but it also increased weight and production cost. Beavis And Butthead Stream PSA. Archived from the original on 30 December Austin Mini Ottomotoren : 0,85—1,3 Liter 25,4—57,6 kW [1]. Nach 7 Tagen ausgeflittert. Neu registrieren. Diese Entwicklung galt als revolutionär und sorgte zusammen mit dem quer montierten Frontmotor dafür, dass so viel Auto auf so wenig Grundfläche möglich war. Bean macht Ferien. Troian Bellisario Geschwister empfiehlt es sich, gezielt nach einem Garagenauto mit wenig Kilometern aus erster Hand zu suchen — am besten aus der Final Edition. Zugriff auf über ' digitalisierte Seiten Waschzwang Zeitschriften-Archiv inkl. Gcb Ab 6. Der Innocenti 90 und wird eingestellt.

It also made the ADO15 very easy to assemble from complete knock-down kits in overseas markets with only basic industry.

Cars could be assembled with minimal use of jigs as the external seams made the panels largely 'self-aligning'.

They also allowed panels to be stacked flat on top of one other for easy shipping. As originally built, all the structural body panels were welded to the top of the single floor pressing, but this caused major problems with water entering the cabin and was quickly changed in the first months of production.

Early prototypes were fully unitary in construction, but the cars broke apart under the high loads from the large lever ratios used with the rubber cone suspension.

The design was changed to use steel subframes to carry the drivetrain and suspension for the front and rear. This also simplified production, as both subframes could be built up independently and then mated to the already-completed bodyshell.

It also opened up the possibility of easily producing variants on the ADO15 as a body of any shape or design could be used provided it could accommodate the subframes.

The production version of the Mini was demonstrated to the press in April , and by August, several thousand cars had been produced ready for the first sales.

Some 2, cars had already been sent abroad and were displayed that day in almost countries. The Mini was marketed under BMC's two main brand names, Austin and Morris, until , when it became a marque in its own right.

The Morris name Mini Mini-Minor was first used for Austin's version by BMC in when the Austin Seven was rebranded as the Austin Mini, [33] somewhat to the surprise of the Sharp's Commercials car company later known as Bond Cars , who had been using the name Minicar for their three-wheeled vehicles since However, legal action was somehow averted, [34] and BMC used the name "Mini" thereafter.

In , the suspension of the cars was replaced by another Moulton design, the hydrolastic system. The new suspension gave a softer ride, but it also increased weight and production cost.

In , the original rubber suspension reappeared and was retained for the remaining life of the Mini.

From October , the option of the unique Automotive Products designed four-speed automatic transmission became available.

Cars fitted with this became the Mini-Matic. Slow at the outset, Mark I sales strengthened across most of the model lines in the s, and production totalled 1,, BMC insisted that the way company overheads were shared out, the Mini always made money.

The Mini entered into popular culture in the s with well-publicised purchases by film and music stars. The Cooper S version was also used by some British police departments as a plainclothes car.

The Mark II Mini was launched at the British Motor Show , [41] and featured a redesigned grille, a larger rear window and numerous cosmetic changes.

A variety of Mini types was made in Pamplona , Spain, by the Authi company from onwards, mostly under the Morris name.

The bodyshell mould was created by the Peel Engineering Company. Production began in and continued for a few years; these fibreglass Minis can be recognised by the missing body seams and by larger panel gaps.

The Chilean market was never very large and the hyperinflation and political and social collapse led to the coup.

The Arica plant was closed in The most obvious changes were larger doors with concealed hinges. Customer demand led to the sliding windows being replaced with winding windows, although some Australian-manufactured Mark I Minis had adopted this feature in with opening quarterlight windows.

The suspension reverted from hydrolastic to rubber cones [45] as a cost-saving measure. In , the simple name Mini completely replaced the separate Austin and Morris brands.

In the late s, Innocenti introduced the Innocenti 90 and , Bertone -designed hatchbacks based on the Mini platform. Bertone also created a Mini Cooper equivalent, christened the Innocenti De Tomaso , that sported a cc engine similar to the MG Metro engine, but with an stud head, a special inlet manifold, and used the "A" clutch instead of the "Verto" type.

It also used homokinetic shafts instead of rubber couplings. The Mini was still popular in Britain, but appeared increasingly outdated in the face of newer and more practical rivals.

Since the late s, plans had been in place for a newer and more practical supermini to replace it, though the Mini was still the only car of this size built by British Leyland for the home market.

The Mark IV was introduced in , though by this stage British Leyland was working on a new small car which was widely expected to replace the Mini before much longer.

It had a front rubber-mounted subframe with single tower bolts and the rear frame had some larger bushings introduced, all intended to improve the car's mechanical refinement and to reduce noise levels.

Twin column stalks for indicators and wipers were introduced, as were larger foot pedals. From onwards, the rear light clusters included reversing lights.

In July the lower end of the Mini range was altered. The basic Mini which had featured in various forms since the original launch 20 years before was withdrawn.

Its place was taken by two models at slightly lower and slightly higher price points. The new base model was the Mini City, with black-painted bumpers, an untrimmed lower facia rail, part-fabric seats and wing mirror and sun visor only on the driver's side, plus unique 'City' body graphics and boot badge.

Above the City was the new SDL Super Deluxe , which had the same specification as the standard Mini but with the smaller engine.

For August the Mini's 20th anniversary was marked by the introduction of the first true limited-edition Mini, which was the Mini Special.

This was a car run with the cc engine, broadly to the specification already in production for the European market as a standard model with the same name.

However this was the first time a UK-market 'round-nose' i. Inside was the GT's three-dial instrument cluster and a leather-rimmed wheel with a rectangular centre from the Innocenti Mini hatchback.

The Special [48] and City models were phased out by , [49] and during the same year the engine was upgraded to the improved A-Plus unit from the new Metro.

This was then followed by a number of incremental developments. In , the Mini was one of the key cars made available to disabled motorists under the new Motability scheme.

Reports of the Mini's imminent demise surfaced again in with the launch of the Austin Mini-Metro badging with the word "mini" in all lowercase.

Faced with competition from a new wave of modern superminis like the Ford Fiesta , Renault 5 , and Volkswagen Polo , the Mini was beginning to fall out of favour in many export markets, with the South African, Australian, and New Zealand markets all stopping production around this time.

Buyers of small cars now wanted modern and practical designs, usually with a hatchback. Although the Mini continued to be produced after the Metro's launch, production volumes were reduced as British Leyland and its successor Rover Group concentrated on the Metro as its key supermini.

The original Mini's last year in the top ten of Britain's top selling cars was , as it came ninth and the Metro was fifth. The arrival of the Metro also had production of the larger Allegro pruned back before it was finally discontinued in In , BL made 56, Minis and over , Metros.

During the early s, the Mini received many mechanical upgrades which were shared with the Metro, such as the A-Plus engine , inch wheels with front disc brakes, improved soundproofing and quieter, stronger transmissions.

This not only modernised the Mini but, because many of its major subassemblies were now shared with the Metro, made it very cost-effective to produce despite falling sales volumes.

The Mini's 25th anniversary fell in and British Leyland produced a 'Mini 25' limited-edition model, both to mark the occasion and to publicise the recent upgrades to the model.

This marked the start of a turnaround in the Mini's fortunes. Basic models such as the City and the City E using the economy-tuned drivetrain from the Metro HLE filled in the bottom of the Austin-Rover range and still found buyers who wanted a compact city car that was easy to park and cheap to run.

Low purchase and running costs also made the Mini continually popular as a first car for younger drivers, and Austin-Rover introduced a steady stream of limited editions with bright paint colours, body graphics, and trim to appeal to this market.

The Mini was also becoming prized as a characterful and nostalgic car in its own right, and the London Collection of limited-edition models was more upmarket and luxurious and named after affluent or fashionable parts of London.

These marketing strategies proved very successful; Mini production actually had modest increases through the mids, from 34, in to 35, in and 39, in By , with the reintroduction of the very popular Cooper model, Mini production passed 40, In , Austin Rover decided to keep the Mini in production for as long as it was viable to do so, putting an end to reports that it would be discontinued by , by which time the original Metro would also be replaced.

The fibreglass Mini built in Chile from until was not the only fibreglass version; in the summer of , a fibreglass bodied Mini again entered production, this time in Venezuela.

The producer, Facorca, intended to sell the car in the Caribbean and Central America, and also had plans for Brazilian assembly. All cars had 8.

The Mini Cooper was relaunched in , 20 years after the demise of the original model. The engine mounting points were moved forward to take cc power units, and includes the later Horizontal Integral Float version of the SU carb , plus the single-point fuel-injected car, which came out in The cc power units were discontinued.

An internal bonnet release was fitted from This was the final version, twin point injection with front-mounted radiator. Full-width dashboard replaces the original shelf, internal bonnet release.

Introduction of airbag on driver's side. The basic Mini was the 1. Released in as more luxurious versions of the Mini, both the Wolseley Hornet and the Riley Elf had longer, slightly finned rear wings and larger boots that gave the cars a more conventional three-box design.

The wheelbase of the Elf and Hornet remained at 2. The cars had larger-diameter chrome hubcaps than the Austin and Morris Minis, and additional chrome accents, bumper overriders and wood-veneer dashboards.

The Riley was the more expensive of the two cars. The full-width dashboard was a differentiator between the Elf and Hornet.

Plates in the engine compartment on the right side fitch plate bear evidence of this speciality. Very early Mark I versions of both cars e.

The Elf's and Hornet's special bumper overriders first appeared in In the Heinz food company commissioned, from Crayford Convertibles Crayford Engineering , 57 convertible Hornets to be given as prizes in a UK competition.

Many are still on the road as of Both the Elf and the Hornet went through three engine versions. Therefore, Mark II cars also came with increased braking power in the form of front drum brakes with twin leading shoes to cope with the increased power output.

Both Mark I and Mark II featured four-speed gearboxes three synchromesh gears with rod gear change, a. Automatic gearboxes became available on the Mark II in as an option.

The Mark III facelift of brought wind-up windows and fresh-air fascia vents. Concealed door hinges were introduced two years before these were seen on the mainstream Mini.

The gear selecting mechanism was updated to the rod type, as seen on all later Mini type cars. Automatic gearboxes were available to the Mark III in again.

Full-four synchromesh gearing was eventually introduced during Code example: R-A2S Riley, A type engine, 2 door saloon, 1st series, serial number "" [54].

These models were two-door estate cars with double "barn"-style rear doors. Both were built on a slightly longer chassis of 84 inches 2.

The early Morris Mini Traveller and Austin Mini Countryman cars had an internal fuel tank located on the left hand side of the rear load area.

This is identifiable by the fuel filler cap being on the left hand side of the car just below the rear window.

In October the fuel tank was relocated to the underneath of the car and the filler cap was moved to low down on the right hand side of the car — the same configuration that was already in use on the Mini Van.

From the start of production both models had a decorative, non-structural, ash wood trim on the rear body, in the style of a pre-war shooting-brake. This gave the car a similar appearance to the larger Morris Minor Traveller and gave rise to these cars simply being called a woodie.

It is a popular misconception that the difference between the Traveller and the Countryman is the wood trim. An all steel version of both the Traveller and the Countryman without the wood trim was launched for export markets in April and for the home market in October , but the woodie version remained more popular.

The Mini Traveller and Countryman Register was created in to help locate and preserve the remaining Mini Traveller and Countryman cars. Built on the longer Traveller chassis but without side windows, it proved popular in s Britain as a cheaper alternative to the car: it was classed as a commercial vehicle and as such carried no sales tax.

A set of simple stamped steel slots served in place of a more costly chrome grille. The Mini Van was renamed as the Mini 95 in , the number representing the gross vehicle weight of 0.

A utility vehicle intended for the British Army was built with a twin-engined 4-wheel-drive. Although the 4WD Moke could climb a gradient, it lacked enough ground clearance for military use.

About 50, were made in total, [36] from to in the UK, to in Australia and to in Portugal. As with the Van, the Pick-up had stamped metal slots for airflow into the engine compartment.

The Pickup was basic, although the factory brochure described a "fully equipped Mini Pick-up is also available which includes a recirculatory heater.

A total of 58, Mini Pick-up models were built. The Mini K was offered in 2-door saloon [59] and 2-door van body styles.

I-style externally hinged doors. A small round sticker with a kangaroo logo was placed on the triangular panel between the door and the front body seam.

The "Kangaroo" name was supposedly coined because it is claimed that a kangaroo can go all day without drinking which the advertisers used to emphasise the frugal fuel consumption and, possibly, larger fuel tank.

Issigonis' friend John Cooper , owner of the Cooper Car Company and designer and builder of Formula One cars, saw the potential of the Mini for competition.

Issigonis was initially reluctant to see the Mini in the role of a performance car, but after John Cooper appealed to BMC management, the two men collaborated to create the Mini Cooper.

One thousand units of this version were commissioned by management, intended for and designed to meet the homologation rules of Group 2 rally racing.

A more powerful Mini Cooper, dubbed the "S", was developed in tandem and released in The smaller-engine model was not well received, and only had been built when the model was discontinued in The Cooper name was discontinued from the UK Mini range at this time.

It proved popular and a new Cooper-marked Mini went into full production in late In , under the ownership of British Leyland, the Mini was given a facelift by stylist Roy Haynes , who had previously worked for Ford.

The Mini Clubman was intended to replace the upmarket Riley and Wolseley versions. The Clubman Estate replaced the Countryman and Traveller. The original "round-front" design remained in production alongside the Clubman and GT.

Production of the Clubman and GT got off to a slow start because the cars incorporated "lots of production changes" including the relocation of tooling from the manufacturer's Cowley plant to the Longbridge plant : very few cars were handed over to customers before the early months of Early domestic market Clubmans were still delivered on cross-ply tyres despite the fact that by radials had become the norm for the car's mainstream competitors.

The official name was always just the "Mini GT", and it was a separate, distinct model from the Clubman although it shared the same frontal treatment as the Mini Clubman, and was launched at the same time.

Innocenti in Italy, however, continued making their own version of the Mini Cooper for some time. It was the first Mini to be equipped with a tachometer.

It also featured a standard-fit close-ratio gearbox, and initially had inch Throughout the s, British Leyland continued to produce the classic "round-front" design, alongside the newer Clubman and GT models.

The long-nose Clubman and GT offered better crash safety, were better equipped, and had better under-bonnet access, but they were more expensive and aerodynamically inferior to the original design.

The Mini Clubman and GT were replaced in by the new hatchback Austin Metro, while production of the original "round-front" Mini design continued for another 20 years.

For the Australian market, all Minis including the Van gained the Clubman front in although the car was still basically a Mk I behind the A-Pillar.

Australian Clubman saloons were marketed under the Morris Mini Clubman name when introduced in August , [69] and as the Leyland Mini , without the Clubman name, from February To end Mini production in Australia, a limited-edition runout model was produced — the LS.

Production of this model commenced in July and concluded in October with an approximate total of vehicles produced.

Throughout the s and s the British market received numerous "special editions" of the Mini, which shifted the car from a mass-market item into a fashionable icon.

It was even more popular in Japan, which took the lion's share of the circa 40, Minis produced annually in the early s. In , under Bernd Pischetsrieder , a first cousin once removed of Issigonis, BMW took control of the Rover Group, which included the Mini, fitting an airbag to comply with European legislation.

By March , Rover was still suffering massive losses, and BMW decided to dispose of most of the companies. The sell-off was completed in May that year.

BMW retained the Mini name and the planned new model, granting Rover temporary rights to the brand and allowing it to manufacture and sell the run-out model of the old Mini.

Mini Hatch , the new model made by BMW, is technically unrelated to the old car but retains the classic transverse four-cylinder, front-wheel-drive configuration and "bulldog" stance of the original.

The last Mini to leave the Longbridge plant did so in , when a s GT which was used by staff to travel around the car plant was recovered from the disused tunnels under the plant.

The car was damaged by a storage container falling on it and had been left without an engine or gearbox for around 30 years before being recovered during work to infill the tunnels.

From the Mark IV onward, many special limited-production editions of the Mini were offered. These included models that were created to commemorate racing victories or to celebrate an anniversary of the Mini marque.

Limited editions generally came equipped with a unique combination of interior and exterior trim and special decals.

There was also a version inspired by The Italian Job , a film famous for having a trio of Minis in its epic closing car chase. From to , Issigonis had been designing a replacement for the Mini in the form of an experimental model called the 9X.

A number of prototypes produced for vehicles based on the Mini but which never saw production are held and sometimes displayed at the British Heritage Motor Centre museum at Gaydon , Warwickshire.

These included the Twini, a re-engineered four-wheel-drive Moke with two engines—one at the front and another at the back; the Austin Ant , a second attempt to produce a four-wheel-drive vehicle, this time using a transfer case ; and a two-seater convertible MG edition of the Mini, cancelled due to it being perceived as competition for the MG Midget.

In , a project considering possible improvements to the Mini was started. Codenamed Minki "Mini" plus K-Series engine , it included a redesigned dashboard, a two-piece rear door or tailgate instead of a boot, fold down rear seats, Hydragas suspension and a 3-cylinder version of the K-Series engine with a 5-speed gearbox.

In the idea to update the Mini again surfaced but this time with BMW management. As part of the process of deciding how to replace the Mini, a vehicle representing what the current Mini could have become, if it had been developed further over its production history, was commissioned.

The car had to be widened by 50mm and lengthened by 50mm to accommodate the new engine and gearbox, with Hydragas suspension and dashboard from a Rover The Minki-II was used for Hydragas development work, this suspension being considered at the time for the R59 project, later to become the Mini Hatch.

The cheapness and availability of used Minis make it a candidate for body replacement. There are over Mini-based kit cars from various small companies and individual enthusiasts.

BMC operated a Competition Department at Abingdon , Oxfordshire, under the control of Stuart Turner, which built specially prepared Minis mostly based on Cooper and Cooper S versions to compete in international rallies and other motorsport.

This department played a key role in ensuring the Mini's huge success in motorsport throughout the s, in particular, winning the Monte Carlo Rally in , and , the Lakes Rally in , and , and dominating all of the first 9 positions in the Gallaher at Bathurst.

The car also won the , , , and British Saloon Car Championship season , as well as the British Rally Championship in , and , the European Rally Championship in and , and won the Finnish Rally Championship in and The Cooper S also had some success in the European Touring Car Championship , winning in and , the Guia Race of Macau a finish in , a 1—2 finish in and a win in , and the Australian Touring Car Championship , winning its class in , , , , and A further title was the Sun-7 Chesterfield Series.

The Mini also achieved class wins at the Armstrong , repeating this feat every year until , and having class wins at the , and Sandown , and Six Hour Le Mans in , , , , , , , and , as well as the Phillip Island K.

Mini Leyland came 4th place in the underlitre category in the , and Trans-Am seasons , improving to 3rd in The disqualification related to the use of a variable resistance headlamp dimming circuit in place of a dual-filament lamp.

The car competed as late as the Australian Rallycross Championship. The Se7ens is the UK's longest running one make motor racing championship, having been introduced in In a Mini broke the land speed record.

The Mini has won many awards over the years, including second place in 's "Global" Car of the Century award, behind only the Model T Ford.

Grassroots Motorsports awarded Mini with the Editors' Choice award in At its peak, the Mini was a strong seller in most of the countries where it was sold, with the United Kingdom inevitably receiving the highest volumes.

The 1,,th Mini came off the production line in , [89] with the 2,,th in It dominated the mini-car market until the arrival of the Hillman Imp in It outsold the Imp.

Competition arrived with the more modern and practical Vauxhall Chevette of , but the Mini continued to sell well until its "replacement"—the Metro —arrived in By this time, the Mini's design had been overtaken by numerous more modern and practical vehicles.

Although the Metro did not replace the Mini, production figures for the Mini dipped during the s, and interest in the design was not revived until the reintroduction of the Mini Cooper in This helped sales of the Mini through the s, to the end of production on 4 October A total of 1,, Minis were sold in Britain after its launch in The last new one to be registered was sold in , some four years after the end of production.

Sales were discontinued when stricter federal safety standards were imposed in [94] [95] [96] [97] [98] and the arrival of the larger and more profitable Austin America.

Mini sales fell in the calendar year and the US importer was expecting the forthcoming Austin America to find a larger market.

The America was also withdrawn in due to slow sales and the introduction of bumper-height standards. Mini sales continued in Canada until Leyland Minis also were subject to stricter government regulation with high bumpers, large turn indicators, warning buzzers and lights for seat belts and also a fitting of air pollution pumps which required a specially designed radiator.

Today the U. Government exempts cars older than 25 years from all import laws , so older Minis can be freely imported.

The Canadian government applies a similar rule after 15 years. Issigonis designed the Mini with an emphasis on active safety.

Asked about the crashworthiness of the Mini, he said: "I make my cars with such good brakes, such good steering, that if people get into a crash it's their own fault" [99] and "I don't design my cars to have accidents".

In July BMC announced that following "comments by safety experts" about the Mini's external doorhandles, these would be modified on new cars so that the gap between the handle and the door panel would be effectively closed.

Nicholas Faith states in his book that Murray Mackay , one of the UK's leading motor vehicle crash and safety researchers, was critical of the pre Mini's passive safety features, including the protruding filler cap, the door latch, and the vulnerability of the passenger space to engine intrusion.

The Mini was withdrawn from the American market because it could not meet the U. The Mini was modified during its production to improve its safety.

It featured a longer crumple zone , a "pedestrian friendly" front-end, run-flat tyres, strengthened door sills, extra internal padding and recessed door handles, the latter having been used earlier on Australian-built Minis owing to local laws.

In January Which? Several key events marked the 50th anniversary of the Mini in Between 7 and 10 August approximately minis from around the world congregated at Longbridge Birmingham to celebrate the 50th anniversary.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the — Mini. For other uses, see Mini disambiguation. For the Feedtime album, see Cooper-S.

See also: Mini Mark I. Main article: Mini Moke. Main article: List of Mini limited editions. See also: Mini concept cars.

Main article: List of Mini-based cars. Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 1 June Archived from the original on 15 April London: Daily Express Newspaper: Complete Classic Mini — Orpington: Motor Racing.

Essential Mini Cooper. Bideford, Devon: Bay View Books. Cars: An encyclopaedia of the world's most fabulous automobiles.

Hermes House. It defined a new genre. Other cars used front-wheel drive and transverse engines before, but none in such a small space; this was possible as the engine is mounted on top of the gearbox.

Retrieved 20 July On This Day. Archived from the original on 3 October The World's Great Cars. London: Marshall Cavendish.

Archived from the original on 17 August Retrieved 11 October These dates can be useful for working out the age of a specific car, or for judging how original it is.

The following components are known to be date stamped in this manner:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Mark I Mini.

First version of British Motor Corporation's Mini. For the Mini, see Mini Hatch. The Motor. Mini Cooper and S St. Paul, MN: Motorbooks International, , p.

Retrieved 12 July See also Concept cars A-series engine List of Mini-based cars. British Motor Corporation cars, — Limousine IV 3-litre.

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